A descendant of the Givonim
who are not allowed to marry regular Jews. The Givonim
were a Canaanite tribe that tricked Yehoshua, saying that they were a distant tribe that came to convert. After the conversion, Yehoshua realized that he was tricked, but he was unwilling to undo their conversion out of fear of a Chillul Hashem
. So he put them "on hold", they were technically Jewish but became servants of the Mishkan.
When, centuries later, they refused to forgive Shaul's descendants for him killing the city of Nov (the Kohanim
there supported the Givonim),
King David decreed that they may never marry into the Jewish nation. So, like slaves, they may not marry Jews of impeccable lineage. Nesinah
a regular Israelite,
ובת ישראל לממזר ולנתין
or a Nasin,
A daughter of a regular Israelite
לא שותות ולא נוטלות כתובה
Don't drink Kesuba
and do not receive
As only people who should stay married may drink the Sotah
האומרת טמאה אני ושבאו לה עדים שהיא טמאה
והאומרת איני שותה
who had witnesses
One who refuses to drink
However, while the following may not drink the Sotah waters, they do collect their Kesuba payment:
אמר בעלה איני משקה ושבעלה בא עליה בדרך נוטלות כתובה ולא שותות
, but may not drink
One whose husband refuses to make her drink and
One whose husband was
intimate with her on the way
מתו בעליהן עד שלא
husband passed away before
There is a doubt if she was immoral and there's no way to verify her status (as only the husband may test a suspected Sotah).
However, in this case it wasn't anyone's fault that the wife can't vindicate herself.
or doesn't collect her Kesuba.
And as she may not drink the Sotah
water on her own, she loses her Kesuba
ומניקת חבירו לא שותות ולא נוטלות כתובה דברי
Discussed in Gemara Rabbi Meir says that
pregnant or nursing does not drink
and does not collect her Kesuba.
חכ"א יכול הוא
להפרישה ולהחזירה לאחר זמן
But the Sages say
איילונית וזקינה ושאינה ראויה לילד לא נוטלות כתובה ולא שותות
an old woman, or one who cannot have children
collect their Kesuba
and may not drink
ר"א אומר יכול הוא
לישא אשה אחרת
ולפרות ולרבות הימנה
Rabbi Elazar says
may marry another woman and have children from her.
One was allowed to have multiple wives in the time of the Mishna
and the Gemara,
and only in the time of Rabbeinu Gershon in the Middle Ages did Ashkenazim take upon themselves not to marry multiple wives.
ושאר כל הנשים או שותות או לא נוטלות כתובה
All other women Kesuba.
or don't receive their
אשת כהן שותה ומותרת
is permitted to
The wife of a castrate
Only if he was castrated after marriage. The reason is that in order for the wife to be permitted to vindicate herself, the husband