Dedicate Daf 28b to:



כודאי
As definite.

 
So if one is unsure if he became impure, he has to consider himself impure and go to Mikvah to purify himself.
 
 
וממקום שבאת
But on the other hand,

מה סוטה רשות היחיד אף שרץ רשות היחיד
Just as a doubtful case of impurity must
by definition have taken place
in a private location, so too,
the law that doubtful impurity is considered definite impurity also
applies only in a private domain.

 
So if an item which is doubtfully impure is located in a public domain, it can be considered pure.
 
 
ומה סוטה דבר שיש בו דעת לישאל אף שרץ דבר שיש בו דעת לישאל
And just as the immoral woman can be asked
if she sinned or not, so too the object receiving the doubtful impurity
must be capable of being asked.

 
So only people or sanctified objects (which are moved by people) will become impure if touched by a doubtfully impure object. Regular objects do not.
 
 
ומכאן אמרו דבר שיש בו דעת לישאל ברשות היחיד ספיקו טמא ברה"ר ספיקו טהור
And this is the source of the rule that
any object about which there is a doubt if it's pure,
can be asked
about its state
and is in a private domain is impure, while if
this object
was in the public domain it
stays
pure.

ושאין בו דעת לישאל בין ברה"י בין ברה"ר ספיקו טהור
But
an object which is questionably impure
but cannot be asked
about its state
is always pure, wherever it may be.

 
 
Located in Public Domain Private Domain
Can Be Asked Pure Impure
Cannot Be Asked Pure Pure
 
The Gemara will examine the statement above on page .
 
Rabbi Akiva taught three laws:
1. A suspected Sotah may not stay married to her husband.
2. A suspected Sotah may not marry her suspected adulterer.
3. A suspected Sotah may not eat Terumah.
 
Rabbi Yishmael said that the law prohibiting a suspected Sotah from marrying a Kohen can be derived from the law that a suspected Sotah cannot eat Terumah.
 
So the Gemara asks:
 
 
ורבי ישמעאל
What is
Rabbi Yishmael
saying?

א"ר עקיבא תרומה ומהדר ליה איהו כהונה
Rabbi Akiva talks about Terumah, and
Rabbi Yishmael
answers back about
marrying a
Kohen?

ותו לרבי עקיבא כהונה מנא ליה
Moreover, from where does Rabbi Akiva derive that
a woman suspected of immorality
may not marry a Kohen?

 
The Gemara attempts to answer:
 
 
וכי תימא כהונה לא צריכא קרא
And one cannot answer
that there is no need for a verse
forbidding
a Kohen
from marrying a harlot,






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Dedicated in loving memory of Leah Rivka Bas Reb Dovid HaKohen A"H.
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