Dedicate Daf 39a to:



והזה לאחריו לאחריו הזה לפניו הזאתו פסולה
But sprinkled
on vessels
behind him, or
the Kohen intended to sprinkle on vessels behind him
but sprinkled
on vessels in
front
of him,
the sprinkling is invalid
(and the vessels stay impure).

 
Since sprinkling requires intent.
 
 
לפניו והזה על צדדין שבפניו הזאתו כשרה
But
if the Kohen intended to sprinkle on vessels in
front
of him,
but sprinkled
on vessels which are
to his side
(but
in front
of him),
the sprinkling is valid.

 
So too, the Priestly Blessings fall on one is standing to the side of the Kohen (and ahead), but not on one standing to the side of the Kohen and behind.
 
 
The Gemara will now cite two sources that one must be silent during Torah reading:
אמר רבא בר רב הונא כיון שנפתח ספר תורה אסור לספר אפילו בדבר הלכה
1.
Rabbah Bar Rav Huna said that once the Torah is opened
for public reading,
one is not allowed to talk, not even
to teach
Halacha,

שנאמר ובפתחו עמדו כל העם
Since
the verse
says "and when he opened it, all the people stood up."

ואין עמידה אלא שתיקה
And
the word
standing
always means standing
silently,

שנא' והוחלתי כי לא ידברו כי עמדו לא ענו עוד
As
the verse
says "And shall I wait, because they speak not, Because they stand still, and answer no more?"

ר' זירא אמר רב חסדא מהכא ואזני כל העם אל ספר התורה
2.
Rabbi Zeira said in the name of Rav Chisda that the source
that one is not allowed to speak during Torah reading is
from
the verse
"and the ears of all the people
were attentive
to the Torah scroll."

 
 
 
ואמר ר' יהושע בן לוי כל כהן שלא נטל ידיו לא ישא את כפיו
9.
And Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said that a Kohen who did not wash his hands may not perform the Priestly Blessings,

שנאמר שאו ידיכם קדש וברכו את ה'
Since
the verse
says "Lift up your hands
to Hashem
in holiness and bless Hashem."

 
 
 
שאלו תלמידיו את ר' אלעזר בן שמוע במה הארכת ימים
Rabbi Elazar ben Shamua's students asked him for the merits through which he lived so long:

The Gemara Answers:
אמר להן מימי לא עשיתי בית הכנסת קפנדריא
He
answered
that
1.
He never made a Synagogue a shortcut,

ולא פסעתי על ראשי עם קודש
2.
He never stepped over the heads of the Jewish people,

 
The custom was that the students would learn, sitting on the ground. So if one was late and wanted to get his seat inside, would have to "step" over everyone. So Rabbi Elazar Ben Shamua said that he avoided that, and would either come early or sit outside.
 
 
ולא נשאתי כפי בלא ברכה
3.
And he never performed the
Priestly Blessings
without
making
a blessing
first.

The Gemara Asks:
מאי מברך
What blessing
does one say before performing the Priestly Blessings?

The Gemara Answers:
אמר רבי זירא אמר רב חסדא אשר קדשנו בקדושתו של אהרן וצונו לברך את עמו ישראל באהבה
Rabbi Zeira said in the name of Rav Chisda "who has sanctified us with the sanctity of Aharon, and commanded us to bless His people with love."

The Gemara Asks:
כי עקר כרעיה מאי אמר
What does
the Kohen say
when uprooting his feet
to go perform the Priestly Blessings
?

The Gemara Answers:
יהי רצון מלפניך ה' אלהינו שתהא ברכה זו שצויתנו לברך את עמך ישראל לא יהא בה מכשול ועון
"May it be Your will, Hashem our G - d, that this blessing which You have commanded us to bless Your people Israel shall not have impediment."

The Gemara Asks:
וכי מהדר אפיה מציבורא מאי אמר
What does
the Kohen say
when moving his face away from the congregation
(after performing the Priestly Blessings)?

The Gemara Answers:
אדבריה רב חסדא לרב עוקבא ודרש
Rav Chisda strolled with Rav Ukva and expounded:

רבונו של עולם עשינו מה שגזרת עלינו עשה עמנו
"Master of the Universe, we did what You commanded of us, do with us...






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Dedicated in loving memory of Leah Rivka Bas Reb Dovid HaKohen A"H.
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