Dedicate Daf 40b to:



The Gemara Asks:
וכל כך למה
Why
did they only make one blessing?

The Gemara Answers:
לפי שאין עונין אמן במקדש
Because
one may not
answer "Amen" in the Beis Hamikdash .

The Gemara Asks:
תנו רבנן
The Sages taught:

מנין שאין עונין אמן במקדש
What's the reason one may not answer Amen in the Beis Hamikdash ?

The Gemara Answers:
שנא' קומו וברכו את ה' אלהיכם מן העולם ועד העולם
Since
the verse
says "Stand up and bless Hashem your G - d from the world onto the world."

 
Which says that the congregation would answer "bless Hashem your G - d from the world onto the world" after every blessing of the Shemoneh Esrei .
 
 
The Gemara Asks:
ומנין שעל כל ברכה וברכה תהלה
And what
is the source that one must give
praise
(through saying " Baruch Shem Kevod ...")
on every blessing?

The Gemara Answers:
שנאמר
ויברכו שם כבודך
ומרומם על כל ברכה ותהלה
The verse
says "Blessed be Your glorious Name, that is exalted above all blessing and praise."

על כל ברכה וברכה תן לו תהלה
For every blessing, one must give praise.

 
 
 

Mishna
The Mishna asks:
ברכות כהן גדול כיצד
What is the blessing of the Kohen Gadol
makes on Yom Kippur 's the Torah reading?

The Mishna answers:
חזן הכנסת נוטל ספר תורה ונותנה לו לראש הכנסת
The Gabbai of the congregation takes the Torah scroll and passes it to the head of the congregation,

וראש הכנסת נותנה לסגן
The head of the congregation passes it to the vice
Kohen Gadol ,

והסגן נותנה לכהן גדול
The vice
Kohen Gadol
passes it to the Kohen Gadol ,

וכ"ג עומד ומקבל וקורא אחרי מות ואך בעשור וגולל את התורה ומניחה בחיקו ואומר יתר ממה שקריתי לפניכם כתוב כאן
The Kohen Gadol stands to receive it, receives it, reads in it "After the passing...", and "Only on the Tenth ... ", rolls it and places it in his lap and says "More than what I read here is written here."

 
Those two chapters are next to each other, so he can roll the Torah from one chapter to the next without burdening the congregation.
 
 
ובעשור שבחומש הפקודים קורא על פה
The Kohen Gadol
reads "And on the tenth"
(which is written
in Bamidbar by heart
).

 
To avoid having the congregation wait for him to roll the Torah scroll, he just read it by heart, and for the honor of the Torah scroll (as onlookers may suspect that the Kohen Gadol read from the Torah by heart since the scroll was missing a few chapters), he said "More than what I read here is written here" - Yes, that chapter's in there but the rolling will take too long.
 
 
ומברך עליה שמנה ברכות
The Kohen Gadol
blesses eight blessings
after his Torah reading:

על התורה
1.
On the Torah,

ועל העבודה
2.
On the service,

ועל ההודייה
3.
Modim,

ועל מחילת העון
4.
And for forgiveness of sin,

ועל המקדש
5.
And for the Beis Hamikdash ,

ועל ישראל
6.
And for the Jews,

ועל הכהנים
7.
And for the Kohanim,

ועל ירושלים
8.
And for Jerusalem,

והשאר תפלה
And the rest is prayer.

Gemara
The Gemara Asks:
שמעת מינה חולקין כבוד לתלמיד במקום הרב
Does the order of how the Torah scroll was delivered
imply that one may give honor to the student in front of the teacher?

 
Wasn't the Torah first given to the Gabbai of the congregation to honor him, and to the head of the congregation to honor him, etc. even though there was someone greater than them (the Kohen Gadol ) present?
 
 
The Gemara Answers:
אמר אביי כולה משום כבודו דכ"ג הוא
Abaye said that
the procession
gave honor to the Kohen Gadol
(and not to the intermediate recipients).

 
That however great of an honor the underlings had, he Kohen Gadol was above them.
 
 
 
 
: וכ"ג עומד ומקבל וקורא וכו':
And the Kohen Gadol stood and received the Torah

 
 
 
עומד מכלל דיושב הוא
"
The Kohen Gadol
stood up" implies that he was sitting down,

The Gemara Asks:
והאמר מר אין ישיבה בעזרה אלא למלכי בית דוד בלבד
But didn't Master say that no one may sit in the
Temple
courtyard except kings
who are
descendants of King David?

שנאמר ויבא המלך דוד וישב לפני ה' ויאמר מי אנכי וגו
As
the verse
says "Then DOvid the king went in, and sat before Hashem; and said: 'Who am I'?"

The Gemara Answers:
כדאמר רב חסדא בעזרת נשים
Just
as Rav Chisda explained
on the page that Ezra read from the Torah
in the Woman's courtyard,

הכא נמי בעזרת נשים
So too,
the Kohen Gadol read the Torah
in the Woman's courtyard
(where on is allowed to sit).

The Gemara Asks:
מיתיבי
There is a contradiction:

והיכן קורין בו
Where was
the Torah
read?

בעזרה
In the Temple Courtyard,

רבי אליעזר בן יעקב אומר בהר הבית
Rabbi Eliezer ben Yaakov said that it was read in the Temple Mount,

שנא'
As
the verse
says:






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Dedicated in loving memory of Leah Rivka Bas Reb Dovid HaKohen A"H.
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